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城市外来务工人员的工作和居住环境及其健康效应——以深圳为例
文章作者:牛建林;郑真真;张玲华;曾序春  发布时间:2011-06-28 09:49:45

摘要:  20世纪80年代以来,我国快速的人口流动与事实城市化对城市环境与人口健康提出了严峻的挑战。本研究通过在深圳市开展的调查,分析了城市外来务工人员的工作、生活环境特征与身心健康状况,初步检验了环境因素对外来务工人员身心健康的净效应。研究发现,相对于其他社会经济因素而言,居住环境和工作环境对外来务工人员的健康具有更为突出的影响。改善外来务工人员的工作和居住环境、倡导良好的保健行为和生活习惯,对于改善其健康状况具有重要意义。

关键词:  外来务工人员; 居住环境; 工作环境; 身心健康

 

Labor Migrants’ Working and Living Environments and the Related Health Impacts——Evidences from Shenzhen

Abstract:China has observed rapid population migration and de facto urbanization during the past three decades,and this has brought about great challenges to the environment and population health for big cities.For the reasons including institutional arrangement and labor market segregation,the environment and health risks encountered by labor migrants are most serious.Employing retrospective data on labor migrants’ life experiences,health,living and working conditions collected from a sample survey in Shenzhen,this study examined the major environmental impacts on current labor migrants’ health.It is found that the environmental factors have salient detrimental effects on labor migrants’ physical and psychological health.It is imperative to improve the labor migrants’ living and working conditions,in addition to enhancing their health behaviors and social support.

Keywords: Labor Migrants; Living Condition; Working Environment; Physical and Psychological Health

文章出处:人口研究,2011年第3期