Health Care Expenditure under Population Aging: An Empirical Analysis of the WHO Members
Abstract: Based on experiences of WHO’s members, this paper discuss basic features and general rules about total health care expenditure(THE) under popultion aging. Studies show that there exists an extreme inequlity about THE for countries in the world. With the deepening of population aging, the ratio of governoment’s health care expenditure to THE rise, whereas the ratio of private expenditure to THE decline. The proportion of governoment’s health care expenditure to total governoment expenditure tend to increase, and the proportion of THE to GDP as well. It is obvious that governoment will take more responsiblities for THE under population aging. Futhermore, expenditure for social security accout for governoment’s health care expenditure larger and larger, and will become one of most important part of that. After one country enters an aging society, its THE will tend to mushroom progressively and result its ecomomic development and governoment finance suffer from a serious burden of health care expenditure. China in an Aging but not Affluent Society will face large challenge on a sharp rise of THE, which should be taken accout into the reform of medical care system.
Keywords: Population aging； Health care expenditure； World Health Organization