Mother’s Employment and Children’s Nutrition: Evidence from Rural China
Abstract: Based on the data of Chinese Food and Nutrition Surveillance System, this paper studies the effects of mothers’ employment on the nutrition of children under 5. To control possible selectivity causing endogeneity, propensity score matching (PSM) method is employed in this study. It is shown that nutrition status of the children with mothers migrating to urban areas is significantly lower than that of those with mother working in hometown. On the other hand, there is no significant difference in nutrition status between children with mother working in agricultural sector and non-agricultural sector in hometown, although their incomes are different significantly. The result implies that marginal effect of income on children’s nutrition is decreasing. Therefore in rural regions, in order to improve the children’s nutrition status, it becomes more important to promote mother’s caring other than solely nutrition intake level.