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城镇化与扩大内需的关联机理及启示
文章作者:张世斌  发布时间:2011-08-22 14:51:03

摘要:世界各国工业化与城镇化的发展进程表明,城镇化与工业化存在阶段性关联。当前我国快速城镇化的原因并非目前盛行的城镇化滞后所积累的追赶效应,而是中国工业化特定阶段的内在要求,随着城镇化发展和进城农村劳动力收入的提高,内需市场也会随之扩大。因此,在实现中国特色的城镇化过程中,政府并无需刻意提高城镇化水平,而要转变政策导向和财政投入机制,放宽城镇户籍限制,实现进城农村劳动力职业、身份与收入的同时转变,从而扩大内需,促进经济持续增长。

关键词:城镇化;机制;劳动者收入;国际比较

On Interrationship between Urbanization and Demestic Demand

Abstract:The development process of industrialization around the world shows that there are various association characteristics between urbanization and industrialization at different development stages: there is S-shaped relationship between nonagricultural labor income and the urbanization level. At present, rapid urbanization of China is not due to catch-up effects of lagging urbanization, but the inherent requirement of the industrialization at the specific stage. With the development of urbanization and income growth of migrant rural labor, domestic market will grow accordingly. Therefore, during the process of realizing the urbanization with Chinese characteristics, the government needs to change direction of policy and financial input mechanism, relax restrictions on urban household registration, and achieve the change of career, status and income of migrant rural labor simultaneously, which will expand domestic demand and promote economic sustainable growth.

Keywords: urbanization; investment and consumption; Relevance

 

文章出处:《开放导报》,2010年第4期